The government is determined to defeat extremism and terrorism in all its forms.
Extremism is the vocal or active opposition to our fundamental values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty, and respect and tolerance for different faiths and beliefs. We also regard calls for the death of members of our armed forces as extremist.
(Source: Counter Extremism Strategy, October 2015)
The current UK definition of terrorism is given in the Terrorism Act 2000. In summary this defines terrorism as an action that endangers or causes serious violence to a person/people; causes serious damage to property; or seriously interferes or disrupts an electronic system. The use or threat must be designed to influence the government or to intimidate the public and is made for the purpose of advancing a political, religious or ideological cause.
One of our greatest current challenges is the global rise of Islamist extremism and the threat posed by Daesh (Isis). Daesh’s terrorist activity and its social-media output have led to an unprecedented number of attacks carried out in its name, exporting the threat to countries with little or no history of terrorism, and they have also encouraged young British people to travel to conflict zones.
We also face a threat from extreme rightwing groups, who share an ideology based on intense hostility to minorities and a belief that violence between ethnic and religious groups is inevitable. Alongside antisemitism and racism, hostility to Islam has become a common element of these groups.