How do people become radicalised?
The process of radicalisation is different for each child, but there are some factors which can lead to young people becoming radicalised.
Underpinning the radicalisation process is an extremist ideology that seems appealing and credible, often because it appears to make sense of the young person’s feelings of grievance or injustice.
Personal vulnerabilities or local factors can make a young person more susceptible to extremist messages. These may include:
- Sense of not belonging
- Behavioural problems
- Issues at home
- Lack of self-esteem
- Criminal activity
- Being involved with gangs
Children don’t need to meet people to fall for their extremist beliefs. The internet is increasingly being used by extremist groups to radicalise young people. These groups will often offer solutions to feelings of being misunderstood, not listened to, or being treated unfairly.