Providing a safe space

Schools should be a safe space where students can discuss social and political issues, including extremism and terrorism. Building young people’s resilience will put them in a stronger position to reject extremist views.

You can build students’ resilience to extremist narratives by equipping them with the skills and knowledge to explore political and social issues critically, weigh evidence, debate and make reasoned arguments.

Teachers can ensure that their classroom provides a safe space for conversations about extremism and radicalisation in an age-appropriate way, as well as other social and political issues.

Another way that you can build resilience in your students is by promoting fundamental British values of:

  • Democracy
  • Rule of law
  • Individual liberty
  • Mutual respect and tolerance of those of different faiths and beliefs

The Department for Education has published advice on promoting fundamental British values as part of promoting the spiritual, moral, social and cultural (SMSC) development of your students. You can find it here.

There are many resources available on this website, including lesson plans and multi-media resources, that can help you address issues relating to extremism and radicalisation sensitively and in an engaging and age-appropriate manner.

This includes material on the strengths, advantages and challenges of democracy, and how democracy and the law works in Britain compared to the types of government in other countries.

You could also show democracy in action by introducing a school council whose members are voted for by the students, and hold mock elections to promote fundamental British values and provide students with the opportunity to learn how to argue and defend points of view.

Also, make time to discuss issues around identity, difference and tolerance. Subject associations will be well placed to advise on engaging ways to promote British values and teach tolerance.


A resource hub about far-right extremism featuring films, guides and practical guidance from across Europe.

An interactive website for children to access information about online risks and extremism. The main website sets out in student-friendly language what is meant by extremism, cyberbullying, grooming and hacking. Case studies, related articles and quizzes to test understanding are available for each topic. Relevant lesson plans are also made available.

Guidance on how to talk about antisemitism and the Israel-Palestine conflict in the classroom.

A briefing, lesson plan and dilemma-based activities to teach the principles of the rules of war.